The cyberworld is global. It is increasingly the high ground of political, scientific, technical, economic and military power. All nations have an interest in international standards and governance.
Cyber governance conundrums are precursors of AI and AGI governance. The internet runs on the global network standards established by the International Telecommunications Union which is a precursor for cyber governance and indeed AI and AGI governance. The challenge of international governance needs early and consistent attention by all interested parties. Exponential rates of scientific and technological change will not permit too much foot dragging.
Cybercrime is already a serious problem and getting more serious. Criminal organizations, adversaries (state and non-state actors) and individuals use AI and in time will use AGI to achieve their ends. Careful consideration needs to be given to both legal and technical means to combat cybercrime both nationally and internationally and the employment of AI and AGI to those ends.
The boundary between cybercrime and cyberwarfare is not a clear boundry. The current methodology for combating cybercrime and cyberwar defensively has been referred to as "patch and pray". Investigations of better methodologies are underway and will employ AI and in time AGI.
Human centered defence will not be possible when response times in milliseconds are required to be successful and when stealth attacks employ methodologies specifically designed as it were to be buried in mountains of data and constitute background noise not perceptable by human senses in reasonable times.
The boundary line between defensive and offensive systems appears to be similarly grey given that successful defence requires successful intelligence about adversary capabilities and the siting of adversary assets. It assumes the characteristic of guerilla war rather than a war of static front lines. It is a conflict space with N-dimensions where civilian and military boundaries are blurred. Management of this new phenonomena and threat is profoundly disturbing to traditional western values and norms and therefore one of the premier challenges of our times - particlarly give the complexity and relative levels of cyber-illiteracy.